Numerical Simulations of Stellar Collapse in Scalar-Tensor Theories of Gravity

Davide Gerosa, Ulrich Sperhake, Christian D. Ott
Class. Quantum Grav. 33, 135002 (2016)



We present numerical-relativity simulations of spherically symmetric core collapse and compact-object formation in scalar-tensor theories of gravity. The additional scalar degree of freedom introduces a propagating monopole gravitational-wave mode. Detection of monopole scalar waves with current and future gravitational-wave experiments may constitute smoking gun evidence for strong-field modifications of General Relativity. We collapse both polytropic and more realistic pre-supernova profiles using a high-resolution shock-capturing scheme and an approximate prescription for the nuclear equation of state. The most promising sources of scalar radiation are protoneutron stars collapsing to black holes. In case of a Galactic core collapse event forming a black hole, Advanced LIGO may be able to place independent constraints on the parameters of the theory at a level comparable to current Solar-System and binary-pulsar measurements. In the region of the parameter space admitting spontaneously scalarised stars, transition to configurations with prominent scalar hair before BH formation further enhances the emitted signal. Although a more realistic treatment of the microphysics is necessary to fully investigate the occurrence of spontaneous scalarisation of neutron star remnants, we speculate that formation of such objects could constrain the parameters of the theory beyond the current bounds obtained with Solar-System and binary-pulsar experiments.



Movies are posted on Davide Gerosa's website:


Gravitational Waveforms

We provide the time-domain scalar waveforms used to generate figures 5.3, 5.4, and 5.5 in the paper. The below tar-ball (7.6 MB) includes a short readme file that describes the waveforms.

Download waveforms.